Vaccination for Vector-borne Diseases
Vaccine may target blood-feeding disease vectors, which includes mosquitoes and ticks, have the potential to protect against many diseases that caused by vector-borne pathogens. Vector-borne diseases are the most complex of all infectious diseases to prevent & control. Vector- borne diseases, most of which are transmitted around the home premises, were best controlled by a combination of vector control (use of public health insecticides on bed nets, or by spraying), medicines & vaccines. Vector borne diseases are Mosquito-borne diseases, Chikungunya, Dengue, Malaria, Yellow fever and Zika virus. Previous results say that, successful vector-borne disease prevention result from management or elimination of vector populations. Malaria was driven out in the USA & most of Europe countries in this way. Where vector control has been consistently applied in the past, the results have been shown dramatic, especially with early efforts to control malaria by spraying inside the surfaces of houses with insecticides.
Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) & long-lasting insecticide treated bed-nets have been very effective over the last 10 years & were widely regarded as one of the main contributors to more than 1 million lives saved. In contrast to expenditure & effort on medicine, diagnostic & vaccine development, relatively little attention given to vector control in the past. The foresighted establishment of IVCC in 2005, with a grant of Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation began the process of bringing Vector Control into the mainstream strategy for future eradication of malaria & other vector-borne diseases.